Gum disease is the inflammation of the gums. It can lead to the infection of the bone that surrounds and supports the teeth. It is caused by plague. If plague is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can infect gum and teeth and even progress to infect your gum tissues and bone that support the teeth. It will cause the teeth to come loose and fall out, or even to be removed by the dentist.
Stages of Gum disease:
Gingivitis: At the earliest stage of gum disease, the gums will be inflamed due to plaque build up at the gum line. If the plaque is not removed after regular brushing and flossing, it will cause the toxins to build up thus, causing irritation to the gum tissue. This will lead to gingivitis. You will notice bleeding of the gum during brushing and flossing. At this early stage, the damage can be reduced, as it has not affected the bone and connective tissues that holds the teeth in place.
Periodontitis: At this second stage, you supporting bone and fibers holding you teeth will be irreversibly damaged. A gap between the gum and teeth will form up, which will trap food and plaque. Further damage can be prevented with proper dental treatment and improving the way you brush and floss your teeth.
Advanced Periodontitis: At this final stage, the bone and fibers that support your teeth would have been destroyed. This will result in your teeth being shaky or come loose. It will affect your bite and if treatment does not save them, it will need to be removed.
Gum disease may occur at any age. However, it is most common among the adults. If gum disease is detected at its earlier stages, it could be reversed. Hence, visit our dentist immediately if you notice any of these symptoms:
– Red, puffy or swollen gums
– Your gums bleed when you brush or floss your teeth
– You teeth looks longer due to receding gum line
– Your gums are not in contact with your teeth, creating a gap
– Changes in the way your teeth fits when you bite
– Pus forms in between your teeth and gum
– Bad breath or taste in you mouth constantly
The effects of gum disease can be reversed at its early stages through proper and regular brushing and flossing. It is important to maintain good oral hygiene so as to prevent plaque from building up. Professional cleaning by a dentist is the only way for you to be able to properly remove plaque that has built up and hardened itself to become tartar. Scaling will be done by the dentist to remove the tartar above and below the gum line. For more severe conditions, root planing procedure may be necessary. Planing heals tp smoothen the irregularities at the root of the teeth, making it harder for plaque to build up. It is important to schedule regular checkups so as to treat the early stages of gum disease before it gets more serious.
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